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|22 sep 2020|
Arrears of Wages to Working People Is Increasing in Russia
Enterprises of manufacturing industry and agriculture have more than others arrears of wages. It's written in the report of Federal State Statistic Service about delayed arrears of wages. State employees are being paid much more regularly, than to employees of private companies. Regional authorities fulfill their obligations before workers efficiently, except for the Chechen republic.
The most part of arrears of wages in the country was formed till 2007, there's a debt of more than 1 billion roubles. Either budgetary organizations or private sector fail to get rid completely of the debts. Only the rates of growth of debts fell in summer - in May arrears of wages grew on 8,5% and in June - on 2,3%.
91% of the general debts all over the country are caused by absence of own means in the enterprises of private business. In comparison with the last month this sum has grown on 3%.
The debts of the federal budget make only 4,4% in the structure of the general ones. Local budgets also orderly pay their employees. Their share in the general amount of the delayed debts in the country is 3,4%. The arrears because of untimely reception of money resources from local budgets, on the data from July, 1, was absent in 60 subjects. From that debts that is nevertheless present due to the fault of local authorities about 82% from the total sum belong to the Chechen Republic (62 million roubles), Transbaikalian territory (7,7 million roubles), Kostroma area (4,9 million roubles) and Irkutsk area (4,4 million roubles).
The smallest share of the debts belongs to regional authorities. Their arrears of wages make only 1% of the total amount, 84% from the total sum of the specified debts goes to the Chechen Republic.
In the total volume of the delayed debts which falls on the last six months 39% went to processing manufactures and 17% - to agriculture. Thus in the building, processing, extracting branches, transport, agriculture, manufacture and distribution of the electric power, gas and water more than 90% of the delayed debts are formed because of shortage of own means of enterprises.
As a whole the volume of the delayed debts for July, 1 made about 1% of monthly fund of the salary of the workers. In the sphere of education, culture, public health services and granting of social services the debts made 0,1% of monthly salary fund, in agriculture - 4%.
Almost 200 thousand people in the country are compelled to put up with the debts. 41% from them - the workers of processing manufactures, 18% - of agriculture, 19% - the workers occupied in building, management of the real estate, manufacture and distribution of the electric power, gas and water, 7% - the workers occupied in the field of culture, education, public health services and social services.
Arrears of wages for the last month in the regions increased in 36 subjects of the Russian Federation. The greatest growth of the debts belongs to the Chechen Republic (700 million roubles or 279%), Altai territory (230 million roubles or 9%), Khabarovsk territory (176 million roubles or 7%), the Magadan region (122 million roubles or 5%), Omsk area (100 million roubles or 4%). On the data from July, 1, the debts because of untimely receive of money resources from the federal budget was observed in 71 regions.
The basic sum of the debts falls at Moscow. Samara, Novosibirsk and Tula areas have comparable to the capital in percentage terms amount of debts - mainly in scientific organizations and processing manufactures.
From editorial board: Firstly, arrears of wages become from a category of forgotten signs of Yeltsin's board a problem, though it doesn't have such scale yet as in 90th years.
Secondly, this problem is the greatest in the real sector of manufacture - manufacturing industry and agriculture, that is obviously indicative of lack of financing. Despite of all conversations about rise of manufacturing industry, this sector remains still the most problem in national economy. At that it becomes evident that privatization of industrial objects is not capable to solve in any way the problem of the branch - private companies have the basic debts.
About the same is possible to say about agriculture which still is not capable to provide food safety of the country but is the second on the importance object of social intensity after industy.
Thirdly, it's a fact that it again became favourable to hold back wages. Growth of the debts which takes place as if on a background of oversaturation of economy with money bears evidence to it.
It also became favourable to hold back payments under the contracts that is one more source of absence of turnaround means at enterprises, arrears of wages are already a consequence of a lack of money.
It forces to reflect on the correctness of applications of the Ministry of Finance and Central Bank about full well-being in the country in the sphere of finance. The rise in prices on consumer goods and services, in particular on food stuffs, obviously stimulates growth of charges of the population and demands essential growth of their incomes. But the monetary policy of the state does not have any attributes of it. On the contrary, monetary authorities behave so as if rouble becomes stronger and prices in roubles fall - but they grow and by very high rates!
Today, when production of a new crop appeared on the food market of the country what was written on FORUM.msk in the early spring became obvious - ultrahigh prices for food stuffs, at that the most "lower-class", which were explained in spring by import and high prices for delivery today kept at the same level, especially for domestic products of a new crop. On Moscow markets the Tambov carrots of a new crop cost in the third decade of July the same 2 dollars, as the Dutch carrots in polyethylene packing in April. Lukhovitsky cucumbers cost the same 50 roubles, as cucumbers from hotbeds "Belaya Datcha" in the early spring. And so on.
It's absolutely clear that the Russian market of food stuffs for 80 percent is generated by import, it very sharply respond both to increase of the world prices for products and to the growth of transport charges as a consequence of a rise in price of fuel.
Decrease of exchange rate of rouble in relation to dollar should be the answer of the financial markets if the question is stimulation of a domestic production - otherwise domestic agricultural producer appears to be noncompetitive. But it does not happen, agricultural producers receive cheap credits which they don't have anything to serve with, high prices in the food market are not being stimulated and on the contrary domestic producer is being pressed. High arrears by virtue of absence of turnaround means are indicative of it. Profits from a new crop won't pay off it, as townspeople simply do not have means to buy off completely everything produced in village under the current prices. At the same time nobody would sell at prices lower than a level of profitability, there is sense to wait for winter and high prices - when domestic market will be full with products imported - cheaper and of higher quality. In result next spring agricultural producers will have financial hole which couldn't be stopped up.
The mechanism of ruin is approximately the same in the industries, only cooperation communications there are more complex and dependencies are not so straight. But as a whole all same - growth of quotations of national currency, crazy transformation of Russia into "the world financial market" makes domestic industry completely noncompetitive and destroys it.
Apparently, the government should either change urgently a rate and devaluate rouble, or to think of what occupation it's going to invent to some tens millions workers, engineers and peasants who will stay without means of subsistence.
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